1- perfidy: the state of not being loyal
The penguin could not forgive his wife’s perfidy towards him.
2- proclivity: a tendency to do something
He has a proclivity for hard work even when credit is given for minimal effort.
3- extricate: to free or remove from something
Several survivors were extricated from the wreckage a few hours later.
4- peregrinate: to travel, especially on foot
A couple of college students decided to peregrinate around Ireland.
5- restive: feeling bored or impatient while waiting for something to happen
The spent a restive night worrying about the next day’s exam.
1- brook: to allow to exist or happen
I will not brook insults from my own employees.
2- probity: complete honesty
The defense attorney questioned the probity of the witness.
3- effrontery: shameless boldness
The kid had the effrontery to deny eating any cookies, even with crumbs on his lips.
4- vituperate: to abuse or censure severely or abusively
Every week the minister would vituperate the parishioners for a litany of vices.
5- curmudgeon: a person who is easily annoyed or angered and who often complains
Only a curmudgeon would object to the nursing home’s holiday decorations.
1- forbearance: patience
We thank you for your forbearance while we attend to the technical difficulties.
2- invective: of, relating to, or characterized by insult or abuse
He is a boss who is fond of sending invective e-mails to his assistants.
3- recidivism: the act of relapsing into criminal behavior
One may advance in life but must beware of situations that encourage recidivism.
4- trenchant: very strong, clear, and effective
Even the most trenchant sword could not sever the bonds of loyalty between them.
5- refractory: difficult to control or deal with
Believing that the rules are only for others, he’s been refractory virtually his entire life.
1- simper: smile or say in a way that is not sincere or natural
He simpered and smirked while he talked to the boss.
2- castigate: to criticize harshly
The author castigated the prime minister as an ineffective leader.
3- coeval: of the same age, antiquity, or duration
These two stars were thought to be coeval because they have nearly the same mass.
4- craven: very cowardly
He made a craven refusal to deliver the unwelcome news personally.
5- contrite: feeling or showing regret for bad behavior
Being contrite is not enough to spare you an arrest if you’re caught breaking the law.
1- terse: brief and direct in a way that may seem rude or unfriendly
She gave me a few terse instructions and promptly left the room.
2- abrade: to damage by rubbing, grinding, or scraping
Ropes abraded by rocks were a huge danger to the climbers.
3- intransigent: completely unwilling to change
He has remained intransigent in his opposition to the proposal.
4- petulant: childishly sulky or bad-tempered
He is a petulant man who always blames everyone else for his problems.
5- Upbraid: to speak in an angry or critical way
His wife upbraided him for his irresponsible handling of the family finances.
1- exigency: something that is necessary in a particular situation
A leader must act exceptionally quick in responding to any sudden exigency.
2- splenetic: very angry and annoyed
The newspaper publisher’s splenetic editorials often struck fear into local politicians.
i. a loud continuous noise
ii. a loud or strong demand by many people
i. A clamor outside woke them in the night.
ii. There was a public clamor for an arrest in the case.
4- inured: to cause to be less affected by something unpleasant
The hardship of army training inured her to the rigors of desert warfare.
5- minatory: having a menacing quality
The novel’s protagonist is haunted by a minatory black specter.
1- denigrate: criticize unfairly
There is no need to denigrate the importance of a good education.
2- portent: a sign or warning that something usually bad or unpleasant is going to happen
A red sky in the morning can be a portent of a coming storm.
3- demur: an act of disagreeing about something
We accepted his offer to pay for our dinners without demur.
4- profligate: carelessly and foolishly wasting resources
She was very profligate in her spending but she later learnt to manage it well.
5- purvey: to supply usually as a matter of business
There were many shops purveying handmade merchandise.